Hemorrhoids or piles are clumps of enlarged (dilated) blood vessels in the lower rectum and the anus. The anus is the end point of the digestive tract where faeces exits the body. The rectum is the end of the large intestine before it leaves to the anus. Everyone has hemorrhoids, although people think they are abnormal. Hemorrhoids are responsible for controlling the bowel movements. They can only be considered abnormal when they swell as a result of enlarged veins and tissues causing irritation and difficulty in passing stools. In this case, Piles treatment is required whether through home remedies or over-the-counter medications or sometimes, even Piles operation.
The best way to prevent enlarged hemorrhoids occurring in the first place is to keep your stools soft so that they can easily pass without straining.
Hemorrhoids or piles are associated with symptoms like
- Rectal bleeding
- A sensation that the bowel is not really empty
- Severe pain while passing the stool
- Burning sensation in the anus
- Mucus discharge, and
What Causes the Hemorrhoids to Enlarge?
As said, piles are caused due to the swelling in the rectal or the anal veins. The swelling can be caused due to several factors, including
- Strenuous physical labor
- Eating low-fiber diet
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation
- Straining while passing the stool
- Sitting or standing for long periods
How to Cure Piles:
Treating enlarged hemorrhoids is crucial, as they tend to get worse over time. Piles can be treated following a variety of measures including diet, over-the-counter medications like
- Lotions, and
In addition, various other procedures like
- Rubber bath ligation, and
Recommended Reading: how you can get relief from pain after piles operation
Diet plays an important role in managing your digestive tract. Individuals suffering from enlarged hemorrhoids should consume fiber-rich foods in order to soften their stools.
Fiber is found in several foods, including
- Fruits, and
- Dried fruits
Doctors suggest individuals should consume 20-30 grams of fiber per day. On the other hand, the patients can also include supplemental fiber like
- Calcium polycarbophil
- Methylcellulose, and
for increasing the fiber intake in their diet.
Products used to treat piles are available as
- Creams, and
Gels, creams, and ointments should be applied around the anus as a thin covering. Foams, pads, and suppositories do not have advantages over gels, creams, and ointments but they can reduce the pain and irritation.
Healing Hemorrhoids using Sitz Baths:
Sitz bath is an effective way ot piles treatment. The method includes filling a tub with few inches of warm water and sitting on it for about 15-20 minutes. Doctors recommend taking sitz bath 3 times a day as it reduces the swelling. On the other hand, it is important to dry off the area completely after the bath as it reduces the moisture preventing the chances of any infection.
Piles operation is not required in most of the cases but patients with 3rd or 4th-degree hemorrhoids require surgical removal of piles known as stapled hemorrhoidectomy.
During a stapled hemorrhoidectomy, the external and internal hemorrhoids are cut out. The wounds may be left open or sutured together.